Steady State Problems


Defines an Defines a steady state ODE problem. Documentation Page:

Mathematical Specification of a Steady State Problem

To define an Steady State Problem, you simply need to give the function $f$ which defines the ODE:

\[\frac{du}{dt} = f(u,p,t)\]

and an initial guess $u_0$ of where f(u,p,t)=0. f should be specified as f(u,p,t) (or in-place as f(du,u,p,t)), and u₀ should be an AbstractArray (or number) whose geometry matches the desired geometry of u. Note that we are not limited to numbers or vectors for u₀; one is allowed to provide u₀ as arbitrary matrices / higher dimension tensors as well.

Note that for the steady-state to be defined, we must have that f is autonomous, that is f is independent of t. But the form which matches the standard ODE solver should still be used. The steady state solvers interpret the f by fixing t=0.

Problem Type



isinplace optionally sets whether the function is inplace or not. This is determined automatically, but not inferred. Additionally, the constructor from ODEProblems is provided:


Parameters are optional, and if not given then a NullParameters() singleton will be used which will throw nice errors if you try to index non-existent parameters. Any extra keyword arguments are passed on to the solvers. For example, if you set a callback in the problem, then that callback will be added in every solve call.

For specifying Jacobians and mass matrices, see the DiffEqFunctions page.


  • f: The function in the ODE.
  • u0: The initial guess for the steady state.
  • p: The parameters for the problem. Defaults to NullParameters
  • kwargs: The keyword arguments passed onto the solves.

Special Solution Fields

The SteadyStateSolution type is different from the other DiffEq solutions because it does not have temporal information.

Solution Type

struct NonlinearSolution{T, N, uType, R, P, A, O, uType2} <: SciMLBase.AbstractNonlinearSolution{T, N}

Representation of the solution to an nonlinear equation defined by an NonlinearProblem, or the steady state solution to a differential equation defined by a SteadyStateProblem.


  • u: the representation of the nonlinear equation's solution.
  • resid: the residual of the solution.
  • prob: the original NonlinearProblem/SteadyStateProblem that was solved.
  • alg: the algorithm type used by the solver.
  • original: if the solver is wrapped from an alternative solver ecosystem, such as NLsolve.jl, then this is the original return from said solver library.
  • retcode: the return code from the solver. Used to determine whether the solver solved successfully (sol.retcode === :Success), whether it terminated due to a user-defined callback (sol.retcode === :Terminated), or whether it exited due to an error. For more details, see the return code section of the DifferentialEquations.jl documentation.
  • left: if the solver is bracketing method, this is the final left bracket value.
  • right: if the solver is bracketing method, this is the final right bracket value.